Norway is the most prosperous country in Europe . The discovery of oil and gas in its own waters , in the late 1960s led to a strong development of the Norwegian economy . The rich resources of fossil energy , proceeds on their behalf and the high level of economic development and social stability were counted , moreover, among the reasons for the rejection in referendums in 1972 and 1994, Norway ‘s accession to the European Union . Aware that the resources will end at some point , the country’s rulers in 1990 established a fund to which all citizens are over five million shareholders. In January 2014 , the Fund has exceeded 830 billion.
The abundance of oil in Norway led to lower unemployment and create new jobs. Today , Norway is needed 16,000 engineers , twice more than last year. In particular , there is a shortage in the oil engineers who specialize in the field . In September 2012, the Romanian community in the northern state count less than 10,000 people .
As an applicant for work in Norway must register with the police ( right of residence ) within 3 months after you start working .
If you sent the country on contract work , you must have the right of residence previously granted .
You must have a written employment contract .
You must be in possession tax card ( taxcard , skattekort ) issued in Norway.
The employer is obliged to draw your occupational accident insurance .
Your employer is required to provide satisfactory accommodation .
As an employee in the construction branch must ensure you minimum wage.
As an employee in the ticket gates construction must always work on site. What happens if you work “black ” ? Some employers might you propose to work without a contract . It is a bad idea , at least three reasons:
– Do not get paid leave , not earn seniority for retirement , you will not receive unemployment benefits in case you get fărălucru ;
– If you do not receive the promised payment of employment will be very hard to you obtain that money ;
– You could be asked to pay additional fees. Sources of job search Writing a CV and a letter of intent is the first and most important step in finding a job. The letter of intent must be carried out for individual employers . When you apply for some jobs , it is advisable to translate Norwegian resume if you can communicate even among ” newbie ” in this language. However, your resume should include key information from previous jobs , and a brief description personală.Scopul is to convince employers that you are motivated to work for them . It would be a good idea to document prior to sending the letter of intent , the prospect angajatorului.Totodată , you could see the Norwegian NOKUT institution that equals and recognize certain acts of studies and qualifications for foreigners , obtained outside Norway. ( http://www.nokut.no ) . We recommend that you have a LinkedIn account where your resume can be viewed by potential employers. Recruitment agencies in Norway use a lot this platform. Sites like http://www.finn.no or http://www.manpower.no are popular among those looking for work , but also among employers . Experis ( http://www.experis.no ) is the largest recruitment company in the country , specializing in IT , financial consulting and engineering. Agencies Adecco ( http://www.adecco.no ) , tongs ( http://www.capus.no ) and Orion ( http://www.orion – search.no ) are also key players in the labor market in Norway .
by J.T. Quigley
Insects, rich in protein and highly sustainable, could be the future of food.
According to the United Nations, approximately two billion people across the globe practice entomophagy – the consumption of insects as food. While many Westerners struggle with the idea of introducing bugs to their diet, it appears that attitudes are changing.
Cambodia is the center of cricket cuisine culture, and for a good reason. Under Khmer Rouge control in the 1970s, Cambodians faced genocide and famine due to the communist regime’s agricultural reforms. Many began eating crickets to avoid starvation.
Thun Mong is a cattle farmer turned cricket farmer who grew up under the ultra-Maoist regime. He uses a combination of black lights, plastic sheeting and bamboo to lure crickets into water-filled holes that he digs around his farm. Mong says that a good night can yield 30 kilograms of the chirping insects – which he can sell to a middleman for about a dollar per kilogram.
One of Mong’s middlemen, Nong Sovann, is a two-year veteran of the cricket business. He claimed that “demand is skyrocketing.”
Two French expats living in Cambodia, Gerard Thevenet and Philippe Lenain, see the cricket’s potential as a sustainable source of protein. Though they didn’t intend for their insect snacks to be a hit with Western tourists, Thevenet and Lenain prepare the unappetizing insect in a way that suits Western palates.
The pair’s company, Khmer Iron Cricket, sells four different flavors of cricket cookies, as well as offering rehydrated crickets that are baked for 14 hours with a special blend of garlic and spices. The creepy crawly treats are packaged in attractive boxes with transparent tops, emblazoned with the Khmer Iron Cricket slogan – Powerfully Delicious!
But the duo also has an ulterior motive: eradicating malnourishment among Cambodian children.
“We also sell powder made from ground crickets and down the road I’d like to use this as a nutritional compliment, to mix with food. That’s our main aim – to sell it to feed malnourished children,” Lenain told The Phnom Penh Post. “Everybody eats insects – except us, except the Western world.”
The company’s farm is home to one and a half million crickets. They are fed a diet of eggplant and pumpkin, and harvesting takes place every six weeks. Lenain describes the taste of a plain, dehydrated cricket as “similar to a chestnut.”
Thanks to their high sustainability, crickets and other insects could be the answer to a future food crisis. 100 grams of cricket powder contains 69 percent protein – the same amount of dried beef contains only 45 percent. Crickets require 12 times less feed than cattle and a fraction of the water – agriculture and livestock production has taken over 40 percent of the Earth’s land and uses 70 percent of the planet’s freshwater. Crickets also produce 80 times less methane than cows, and when ground into a powder, crickets can provide nearly as much calcium as cow’s milk.
In September, a “Future Food Salon” in New York City promoted insects as food. The event offered everything from cricket kebabs to cricket chocolate. A popular Mexican restaurant in the city’s SoHo neighborhood is struggling to meet demand for a cricket burger – selling up to 100 a day. A pop-up “Pestaurant” in London attracted curious passerby with barbecued tarantulas and sun-dried caterpillars – but a mealworm-topped pigeon burger appeared to steal the show.
Aside from the health and environmental benefits, there is karmic incentive for eating bugs: There is evidence that suggests insects don’t feel pain.
From being eaten out of desperation to their recent culinary rise in the West, crickets may someday make mouths water.
Compares life before to life afterward.
here is a snipet:
There can be no doubt about the fact that not only has the Mandela settlement with the [FW] de Klerk regime compromised the poor black people it has also impoverished them even more.
Nice-sounding phrases such as “the sunset clause” which guaranteed the ill-gotten wealth of whites and the protection of the public service jobs held by whites were the cherry on top for whites.
The only thing blacks got was the vote after every four years and the spattering of a few black elite [politicians] whose aspiration is to be next to Mandela and those of his ilk.
Here is the introduction:
Nelson Mandela spent 27 years in prison because of his opposition to the apartheid regime. One man, Ntshimane Molala, tells the BBC’s Pumza Fihlani how living under apartheid remains one of the most painful experiences of his life – a time of trauma that has not fully healed:
I live in Atteridgeville, a township outside Pretoria. Like many townships in South Africa, this is where black people were moved to; we had to live far from white people.
The enemy was clear to all of us in the township – it was the white man.
Here is the full story:
Efforts have intensified in northern India to rescue tens of thousands of people trapped by flash floods that have already killed nearly 600 people.
The army is evacuating survivors in mountainous Uttarakhand state by helicopter and special trains are carrying people from affected areas.
More than 40,000 people are still stranded in what the government has described as a “national crisis”.
Officials have admitted a lack of co-ordination in the rescue effort.
Forecasters are predicting more rain.
Early monsoon rains in India this year are believed to be the heaviest in 60 years.
The rainy season generally lasts from June to September, bringing rain which is critical to farming.
‘Lack of co-operation’
Government officials say more than 33,000 people have already been rescued from the worst-hit areas over the past several days.
But during a visit to the area, Home Minister Shushil Shinde admitted there was a ‘lack of co-ordination amongst agencies involved in relief operations”.
Many locals are also complaining of neglect from relief agencies, alleging priority is being given to tourists and Hindu pilgrims, the BBC’s Nitin Srivastava in Dehradun reports.
“Whatever is humanly possible is being done,” Information Minister Manish Tewari told reporters.
The authorities say they are yet to reach many survivors in remote areas cut off by flash floods, as the army is struggling to repair roads and bridges.
One of the worst-hit areas is the Kedarnath Valley, where thousands of pilgrims remain stranded.
Many survivors have been evacuated to the state capital Dehradun, where relatives of those missing await news.
Dehradun is also the base for the relief effort, from where rescue workers, medicines and food are being flown to the affected areas.
At least 560 are known to have been killed and thousands are missing. The death toll is expected to rise further.
On Friday, 40 bodies were recovered from the river Ganges in the temple town of Haridwar, a local police official said.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has described the situation there as “distressing” and announced a 10bn rupee ($170m; £127m) aid package for the state.
Google has opened up its person finder tool in Hindi and English to help trace missing people in Uttarakhand.
India’s National Disaster Management Authority has published control room phone numbers for flood-affected districts.
Singapore’s prime minister has warned that the haze engulfing the city could last for weeks, as air pollution in the city-state soared to record levels.
At 13:00 local time (05:00 GMT) Singapore’s pollution standards index reached 371, breaking all previous records and reaching hazardous levels.
The haze is caused by illegal forest fires in Indonesia’s Sumatra island.
The issue has sparked accusations between the two neighbours over who is responsible for the smog.
Environment officials from the two nations are holding an emergency meeting in Jakarta today.
Dr Vivian Balakrishnan, Singapore’s Environment and Water Resources Minister, wrote on his Facebook wall that he would demand “definitive action” from Jakarta.
“No country or corporation has the right to pollute the air at the expense of Singaporeans’ health and wellbeing,” he said.
However, Indonesian Minister for People’s Welfare Agung Laksono said that Singapore was “behaving like a child”.
“This is not what the Indonesian nation wants, it is because of nature,” he said.
Since the haze arrived, Singapore’s buildings have been obscured by the polluted air and the smell of burnt wood has permeated the city-state.
A PSI reading above 200 indicates “very unhealthy” air, while a PSI score above 300 is “hazardous”. Readings are being posted on the website of the National Environment Agency.
At a press conference, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said the haze could “easily last for several weeks and quite possibly longer until the dry season ends in Sumatra”.
Mr Lee asked Singaporeans to “stay indoors where possible and avoid heavy outdoor activities”.
He has also announced that the Singaporean government will hold daily press conferences on the haze situation.
Air traffic controllers in Singapore have been told to work with extra caution given the poor visibility, while McDonald’s has temporarily cancelled its delivery service.
The Singaporean military has also reportedly suspended all outdoor training.
The poor air quality has prompted widespread buying of disposable face masks, leading shops to run out of stock.
Parts of Malaysia have also recorded “hazardous” pollution levels, with over 200 schools in the country’s south ordered to shut.
Malaysia’s Department of Environment has also banned open burning in some states.
Indonesia’s forestry ministry said it intended to use cloud seeding to try to induce rain on Sumatra, AFP news agency reported.
The fires are started to clear land for plantations and generate smoke, particularly in the dry season.
Indonesian officials have suggested that foreign palm oil investors, including Singaporean companies, may bear some responsibility for the fires.
However, several major Singapore-based palm oil companies have denied any involvement.
Singapore’s prime minister said the city-state had provided satellite data to Indonesia to help identify who was responsible for the fires.
He added that if any Singaporean companies, or companies with a presence in Singapore played a part in the fires, they would be held responsible.
In 1997 and 1998, many countries in the region were affected by the South East Asian haze, which was caused by smog from Indonesian fires.
Road and air traffic was disrupted, and reports said the smog made around 20 million people ill.
The haze led to an agreement on transboundary haze pollution being approved by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) in 2002.
However, Indonesia has yet to ratify the agreement.
The US is to supply direct military aid to the Syrian opposition for the first time, the White House has announced.
President Obama made the decision after his administration concluded Syrian forces under Bashar al-Assad were using chemical weapons, a spokesman said.
Ben Rhodes did not give details about the military aid other than to say it would be “different in scope and scale to what we have provided before”.
Russia said the US claims on Syria’s chemical weapons use were unconvincing.
Yury Ushakov, a senior aide to President Vladimir Putin, told reporters that Washington had provided Moscow with its evidence, but “what was presented…. does not look convincing to us”.
The BBC’s Jim Muir in Beirut says the US announcement is one that the Syrian opposition has been pushing and praying for for months.
It seems clear that President Obama has finally been persuaded, as Britain and France have argued, that the battlefield cannot be allowed to tilt strongly in the regime’s favour, as is currently happening, he adds.
Washington’s “clear” statement was welcomed by Nato Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, who urged Syria to let the UN “investigate all reports of chemical weapons use”.
British Foreign Secretary William Hague said the UK agreed with Washington’s assessment and said an urgent response to the Syria crisis would be discussed at the G8 this week.
But a spokesperson for UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon told the BBC that he remained against “any further militarisation” of the conflict in Syria, saying the people there need peace not more weapons.
Mr Rhodes, a deputy national security adviser to Mr Obama, said the US intelligence community believed the “Assad regime has used chemical weapons, including the nerve agent sarin, on a small scale against the opposition multiple times over the last year”.
He said intelligence officials had a “high confidence” in their assessment, and also estimated that 100 to 150 people had died from chemical weapons attacks, “however, casualty data is likely incomplete”.
“We have consistently said the use of chemical weapons violates international norms and crosses red lines that have existed in the international community for decades,” Mr Rhodes said.
Mr Rhodes said President Obama had made the decision to increase assistance, including “military support”, to the Supreme Military Council (SMC) and Syrian Opposition Coalition.
He did not give details of the aid, but administration officials have been quoted by US media as saying it will most likely include sending small arms and ammunition.
The New York Times quoted US officials as saying that Washington could provide anti-tank weapons.
Syria’s rebels have been calling for both anti-tank and anti-aircraft weaponry.
The Wall Street Journal reported that Washington is also considering a no-fly zone inside Syria, possibly near the border with Jordan, that would protect refugees and rebels who are training there.
When asked whether Mr Obama would back a no-fly zone over Syria, Mr Rhodes said one would not make a “huge difference” on the ground – and would be costly.
He said further actions would be taken “on our own timeline.”
The CIA is expected to co-ordinate delivery of the military equipment and train the rebel soldiers in how to use it.
Until now, the US has limited its help to rebel forces by providing rations and medical supplies.
Mr Rhodes said the White House hoped the increased support would bolster the effectiveness and legitimacy of both the political and military arms of Syria’s rebels, and said the US was “comfortable” working with SMC chief Gen Salim Idris.
“It’s been important to work through them while aiming to isolate some of the more extremist elements of the opposition, such as al-Nusra,” he said.
The US decision marks a significant escalation of the proxy war that has been gathering pace in Syria, our Beirut correspondent says.
The support of the West’s regional allies, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, had helped the rebels in the days after the uprising became militarised.
But the tide turned after the Assad government turned to Moscow and Tehran for help. Hezbollah fighters have also been involved in the government’s counter-offensive.
Now the West is lining up to try and help the rebels, but that is likely to take many months with more bloodshed and destruction, our correspondent adds.
The White House announcement immediately shook up the ongoing debate in Washington DC over how the US might provide assistance to the rebels.
Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham, who have been particularly strident in their calls for military aid, said the finding must change US policy in Syria. They called for further action, saying US credibility was on the line.
“A decision to provide lethal assistance, especially ammunition and heavy weapons, to opposition forces in Syria is long overdue, and we hope the president will take this urgently needed step,” they said in a joint statement.
“But providing arms alone is not sufficient. The president must rally an international coalition to take military actions to degrade Assad’s ability to use airpower and ballistic missiles and to move and resupply his forces around the battlefield by air.”
The White House announcement came on the same day the United Nations said the number of those killed in the Syrian conflict had risen to more than 93,000 people.
A UN report released on Thursday found at least 5,000 people have been dying in Syria every month since last July, with 30,000 killed since November.
More than 80% of those killed were men, but the UN’s Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) says it has also documented the deaths of more than 1,700 children under the age of 10.