Giant loss to the Rodna Mountains National Park-Romania


The Rodna Mountains National Park, the second largest in the country and the largest protected area in the Eastern Carpathians, has lost, after almost four decades, the “crown”, namely the biosphere reservation status attributed to it in 1979, In Paris, by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB-UNESCO). The news fell like a lightning.

The news that the Rodna Mountains National Park is no longer a biosphere reserve came last month from the MAB-UNESCO representative in Romania. “I regret that we have lost this status that elevates us above all (of all protected areas – n.r.). I suffer for that. I was reserving the new biosphere, Retezat and the Danube Delta. It was a title. What will happen? Do not lose man or park other than a crown. This is my regret. Nothing can be done because since 1995 it has been agreed how to place the biosphere reserves and how it should look. In Romania, the only one that meets all the requirements of the biosphere is the Danube Delta, “she added. The Rodna Mountains National Park was established by Law 5/2000, and the biosphere reserve, which was Pietrosul Mare, originally stretched over 3300 hectares, after which the Ministry of the Environment extended this status to the entire park. A Biosphere Reserve is a protected natural area which is assigned an international rating and whose characteristics are defined by UNESCO, in accordance with the needs for the purpose of protecting and conserving a natural habitat zone and its specific biological diversity, Program “Man and the Biosphere Program”.

The International Coordination Council of the UNESCO Program “Man and Biosphere” (MAB) met for the first time in 1971, and the concept of Biosphere Reservation emerged in 1974. The program to create a world-wide network of biosphere reserves Was launched two years after the concept proposal. In 1995 the Seville Conference defined for the first time a strategy and developed a statutory framework that supports accepted principles by all states. In the same year, the UNESCO General Conference adopted the Seville Strategy and Framework. In 1932, 183 hectares of alpine hole in the Pietrosu Mare Peak area (2,303 meters) were declared scientific reserve, being the first such reservation in Romania. The importance of the area, but also its beauty, made the protected area later extended to 3,300 hectares. At present there are four scientific reserves in the Rodna Mountains National Park (Pietrosu Mare – 3,547.6 hectares, Piatra Rea – 291 hectares, Corongiş – 614.9 hectares and Bila-Lala – 1.318.2 hectares), plus six reserves (100 hectares), Izhaarele Mihăiesei (61 hectares), Valea Cormaia (50 hectares), Saca Massif (7,8 hectares), Cobăşel Cave (one hectare) and Natural Reserve Izvorul Bătrâna (0.5 hectare). . Over 2,300 hectares of the Rodna Mountains National Park are declared a strictly protected area because of protected areas of great scientific importance, including wild areas where human intervention was extremely low. It is forbidden to carry out any human activities, except for research, education and ecotourism, but also any activity of exploiting natural resources.