Live: Crisis in Egypt

The Egyptian army has suspended the constitution and announced the formation of a technocratic interim government ahead of new presidential elections.
Armoured vehicles are deployed across the streets of the capital.
Security forces have placed an international travel ban on Mr Morsi and other leading Muslim Brotherhood members.
President Morsi rejected an army ultimatum to reach a deal with anti-government protesters, after four days of mass unrest.
At least 16 people were killed when a rally of Morsi supporters came under attack by unidentified gunmen in Cairo on Tuesday night.

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Reporters: Caroline Anning, Nina Lamparski and Kerry Alexandra

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Evan Hill, The Times

tweets: Friend of mine says Brotherhood-supporting neighbor is screaming in anger and saying “churches will burn, mosques will burn”, etc.
2031:

“We hope this roadmap is the beginning of a new start for the 25 January revolution, in which the Egyptian people paid a high price in order to achieve their freedom and dignity,” Mr ElBaradei says.
2030:

Speaking on state TV after the army’s announcement, key opposition figure Mohammed ElBaradei says the new roadmap “guarantees the achievement of the basic demand of the Egyptian people – to have early elections during a transitional period during which the constitution is re-written”.
Shaimaa Khalil BBC News, Cairo

tweets: “He’s an ex president to me now,” an anti #Morsi demonstrator told me outside presidential palace earlier #Egypt
2026:

The Coptic Christian Pope Tawadros II says the political roadmap has been agreed on “in good faith out of a great love of the nation”.
2025:

There are reports of heavy firing at a Muslim Brotherhood rally in Cairo’s Nasr City.

Aleem Maqbool, BBC News, Cairo

tweets: Following the army chief’s statement it appears all of Egypt’s Islamic-leaning TV channels have been taken off air.
2022:

Egypt’s most senior Sunni authority, The Sheikh of al-Azhar, said on state TV the military and others had chosen the lesser of two evils.
Bel Trew

tweets: The moment 1000s here at presidential palace found out #Morsi had been ousted -electric #Egypt pic.twitter.com/ldYVY1XSkR
2017:

Tahrir Square has erupted in cheers and fireworks after the statement of the head of the army.
2016: Breaking News

The head of Egypt’s army, General Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, suspends the constitution and announces the formation of a technocratic interim government ahead of new presidential elections.

2014:

The army added a technocratic government will be formed and the Constitutional Court will start preparing for new presidential elections.
2012:

The army says the new roadmap includes the temporary suspension of the constitution and an interim head of government until a new president is elected.
2009:

General al-Sisi: The speech of the president last night came against the aspirations and demands of the people. That has necessitated the armed forces to consult some national figures – political, religious and youth – and those who attended have agreed on a roadmap that will build a strong and unified Egyptian society.
2006:

General Abdul Fattah al-Sisi: The army sees that the Egyptian people are calling it to support them, not to take power or to reign, but to serve the public interest and to protect the revolution. This is the message that the armed forces have received from all corners of Egypt.
2004: Breaking News

The head of the Egyptian army, General Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, is making a statement. More to follow.

Lamisse in Cairo

emails: There are tanks, military presence around the palace. People are cheering for the army saying “heroes are here!”
1955:

A judicial source tells Reuters that an appeals court has upheld a prison sentence against Prime Minister Hisham Qandil and removed him from his post. Last month, the Ahram newspaper reported that Mr Qandil was appealing against a suspended one-year prison sentence he was handed in April for failing to renationalise the Tanta Flax and Oil company, in line with an administrative court ruling.

Reem Abdellatif Wall Street Journal

tweets: Military APCs have closed almost all roads surrounding #Egypt’s presidential palace. #Morsi #June30 pic.twitter.com/1tOPEhVKkr
1952:

Egypt’s state-run al-Ahram newspaper quotes an unnamed source as saying the army told Mr Morsi at 19:00 local time (17:00 GMT) that he was no longer president – Reuters
Attia Nabil, BBC Arabic in Port Said

The protesters also held signs that read: “The people, the army and the judiciary are against the terrorism of the brotherhood.” And military vehicles have been deployed around the entrances and exits of the square – soldiers were on standby. In another part of the city, Morsi’s supporters have gathered in the yard of El-Tawheed mosque without any police protection.
Attia Nabil BBC Arabic in Port Said

Anti-Morsi protesters in Port Said have been flooding Martyrs Square chanting slogans against the Muslim Brotherhood such as: “Grind on, grind on, Sisi. Morsi was never my president.”

Reem Abdellatif, Wall Street Journal

tweets: It feels like #Egypt won the World Cup. Fireworks in the night skies, people everywhere. #Egyptian flags soaring & patriotic songs blaring.

Mark Mardell North America editor

What appears to be a military coup in Egypt puts the Obama administration in an awkward position. The state department repeated time and again that the US was not backing one side or the other. But they are funding one side – there are plans to give military aid worth $1.3bn (£852m) next year, and many senior Egyptian officers are trained in the US…

Read more on Mark Mardells’ blog here.
1944:

From Mubarak to Morsi, Egypt’s crisis explained in our 90-second video.

Rawya Rageh Al Jazeera

tweets: Health Ministry: 50 injuries in clashes today in Cairo, Giza, Alexandria, Daqahliya, Menoufia, Damietta #Egypt
1935:

Military units have gathered near the supporters of President Morsi in Nasr City, Cairo
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1933:

The Tamarod group, whose name means “rebel” in Arabic, earlier claimed it had collected more than 22 million signatures for a petition demanding Mr Morsi step down and allow fresh presidential elections to be held.
1932:

The official Mena news agency says the statement will be made in the presence of military leaders and figures from the Tamarod group, a new grassroots protest movement.
1931:

According to Egyptian state media, the expected joint statement from Egypt’s most senior Muslim authority, Coptic clerics and opposition figure Mohamed ElBaradei will set an interim period before fresh presidential and parliamentary elections.

Peter, Cairo, Egypt

emails: We have seen what President Morsi has done in one year and the country cannot afford to give him another three years in office.
1927:

A security source confirms to BBC Arabic that Muslim Brotherhood Supreme Guide Mohammed Badie was prevented from crossing into Libya via the Saloum crossing. They denied reports he was arrested.
1923:

Egypt’s army has posted a statement on Facebook denying that troops fired on pro-Morsi demonstrators earlier today. “These allegations are entirely false, mere lies and fabrications”, the statement reads.

Rob in Cairo

Emails: I am a Muslim and proud to have converted, yet I have had my chosen religion tainted with politics. My religion and choice of religion is personal and should not be dictated by a group of backward thinking thugs. Today Egypt can really begin its baby steps to democracy. Egypt should be free to dictate its own pace and directions that is best for its people.

Tarek Shalaby

tweets: I’m shocked at activists cheering on the army’s coup and the subsequent crackdown of Islamists like it’s all part of #Jan25! Unbelievable!
1918:

The army earlier leaked details of a draft “roadmap” for Egypt’s future. Details of the plan leaked to the BBC outlined new presidential elections, the suspension of the new constitution and the dissolution of parliament.
1915:

Reports earlier today said that Sheikh of Al-Azhar, Mr ElBaradei and the head of the Coptic Church had been holding talks with military leaders.
1911:

Mohamed ElBaradei, a Nobel peace laureate and former head of the UN’s nuclear watchdog, has emerged as a key political player in Egypt’s post-Mubarak era. Read more on him here
1909: Breaking News

Political roadmap to be announced shortly by Egypt’s leading Islamic institution, the Sheikh of al-Azhar University, with key opposition figure Mohamed ElBaradei and the Coptic Pope – Egyptian state news agency MENA
Matt Bradley Wall Street Journal

tweets: State Television right now showing phone numbers for the military to report emergencies. #egypt #june30
1858:

The BBC Monitoring team says Egyptian private TV channels are siding with the anti-Morsi protests, while state TV is running laudatory footage of the armed forces.

Dina in Alexandria

Emails: This is a revolution by all means and, with our army, we will be able to get rid of the insane President calling for a civil war.

Jonny Dymond Washington correspondent

tweets: US State Department refuses to condemn or criticize Egyptian military; says doesn’t take sides; criticizes Morsi @BBCNewsUS
1855:

The US State Department has said it is “very concerned” about events in Egypt and urged President Morsi to “do more” to address protesters’ concerns. “The situation in Egypt remains fluid, and the United States cannot confirm whether a military coup is under way,” spokeswoman Jen Psaki told reporters.
1850:

Residents in a Cairo neighbourhood told the BBC’s Jeremy Bowen they would prefer to have former President Hosni Mubarak back in power. “It’s because back then we were safe!” said one. Read the full story here

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Quentin Sommerville BBC News, Cairo

We finally have an answer to the question “What happens when the deadline expires” – it means troops on the streets. I saw 8 armoured personnel carriers and heavily armed troops on a road where pro-Morsi supporters are. The army are fanning out across the city – it seems like they’re taking control of Cairo and taking control of Egypt.

Claire Read BBC Arabic

tweets: [Freedom and Justice Party’s] Amr Zaki confirms Morsi is at the Republican Guard building #Egypt
1834:

Analysis of President Morsi’s address to the nation on Tuesday showed he used the word ‘legitimacy’ 56 times, while speaking about the constitution, elections and democracy. Read more here

Fadel in Cairo tells BBC World Have Your Say: Egypt is redefining democracy – if you lose, you come to streets and call for a military coup. It’s a sad day.
1828:

The Syrian government, which is seeking to crush a more than two-year revolt against its own rule, has urged President Morsi to step down in line with his people’s wishes. Last month, Mr Morsi announced Cairo was cutting off diplomatic ties with Damascus.

Kareem Fahim New York Times

tweets: Islamists break for prayer. Soldiers with riot shields move closer pic.twitter.com/5V1M9sFIUS
1819:

The Egyptian army has erected barbed wire around a barracks where President Morsi was working and deployed armoured vehicles and troops to prevent his supporters marching from a nearby rally to his palace – Reuters
1815:

A guest in #Tahrir Square tells BBC World Have Your Say: We are here today to remove a fascist regime and to re-liberate our country.

Quentin Sommerville BBC News, Cairo

tweets: Troops are dismounting where we are. Ecstatic welcome by people – in this part of town at least. Soldiers have just removed their bayonets and left them in their vehicles.
1808:

BBC World Have Your Say is now live from Egypt. Listen live here or follow live Tweets at @bbc_whys

Ahmed El Mallah, Cairo, Egypt

emails: Morsi refusing to step down further proves that he does not care about the good of Egypt, only the good of the brotherhood. If he was a true patriot, he would have stepped down by now to avert this crisis.
1802:

An official source at Cairo’s airport tells BBC Arabic that the authorities have been told to forbid any politicians who belong to religious parties from leaving the country, without referring to “sovereign entities”. The source confirms that it is a general alert and that no specific names are mentioned.

Alastair Beach The Independent

tweets: More troops on Charles de Gaulle street just past Gamaa Bridge near Cairo Uni. Feels like the coup has arrived. pic.twitter.com

Quentin Sommerville BBC News, Cairo

tweets: Military convoy here in Cairo has heavy weaponry unloaded.
1755:

Presidential aide Yasser Haddara says Mr Morsi spent Wednesday working normally at a regular presidential office in a compound of the Republican Guard in suburban Cairo. He adds that it is unclear whether the president will be allowed to leave later and return to the palace – Reuters

Claire Read BBC Arabic

tweets: Ambulances are trying to make their way through the crowds in Tahrir at the moment but there’s just too many people! #Egypt

Shashank Joshi Royal United Services Institute

tweets: Anyone who thinks that a coup was a necessary evil to end Morsi’s overreach clearly has a very short memory of the Egyptian military’s conduct.
1748:

BBC World Have Your Say is live from Egypt at 1800 BST. Listen live here or follow live Tweets at @bbc_whys
1745:

Al-Jazeera Arabic is reporting that all presidential aides have left the presidential palace, and that only President Morsi is still around.
1737:

Mona al-Qazzaz, a spokesperson for the Muslim Brotherhood in the UK, tells the BBC: “My main fear is to go back to a military state. The military should not be part of the political scene.”

Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor

tweets: Two sides now stoning each other, armour has left leaving light force of soldiers. #Cairo
1734:

The Pentagon says US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel has spoken to the head of the Egyptian army, Gen Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi, on Tuesday. No further details of the conversation have been released – AP

Kareem Fahim New York Times

tweets: Soldiers fire in the air to disperse Islamists pic.twitter.com/rcBBILDXwc
1726:

New York Times reporter Kareem Fahim in Cairo has tweeted a photo of a crowd of people beside some armoured cars. “Islamists fighting with officers,” he writes. “Commander orders soldiers down from vehicles.”

Reem Abdellatif Wall Street Journal, Cairo

tweets: Women leading chants against Morsi and Muslim Brotherhood: “They said our voices were a sin, down with the Brotherhood’s supreme guide” #Egypt

Vaseem Ahmed, Leyton, UK

emails: I pray that Morsi gets to stay, one year is nowhere near enough to change a country carrying the baggage of 60 years of a dictatorship. If the army takes over, it’s back to the bad old days.

Claire Read BBC Arabic

tweets: Armed vehicles just went past the BBC Arabic studio, then over the 6th October bridge.
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Dave Malm, Minnesota, USA

emails: Morsi’s insistence that he is the legitimately elected leader of Egypt is undermined by his unconstitutional consolidation of executive power last November. At no point did he attempt to work under the legitimate guidelines of the agreed upon framework for government. Democracy is not just about the majority electing a leader. Democracy is about all people having a voice.

Quentin Sommerville BBC News, Cairo

tweets: BBC Arabic reports armed military vehicles are now on the streets of Cairo.
1709:

A Morsi aide has said the president’s message to all Egyptians is to resist a military coup peacefully and “not use violence”, Reuters reports.

Fergal Keane BBC News

tweets: The last time an army overthrew a democratically elected Islamist party we had the murderous Algerian civil war. Egypt dynamics are different but there is huge danger that if coup reports are true, it will lead to extremist backlash.

Reem Abdellatif Wall Street Journal

tweets: Unity here in front of presidential palace. People pouring in. Men, women & families are camped out waiting for #Morsi to leave. #Egypt

Abeer, Cairo, Egypt

emails: You [Morsi] have created a divide between the Egyptians: We are either infidels against you or believers supporting you. Egypt is Egyptian, made up of Christians, Muslims, atheists, agnostics, Shias, Bahaais and Jews, from all walks of life living in harmony. It’s time to build the Great Nation of Egypt with dedicated experienced technocrats, business men and women, professionals and all with the support of our great Egyptian Army.
1704: Breaking News

Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad al-Haddad says in a tweet a “full military coup” is under way in Egypt. “Tanks have started moving through the streets,” he writes.

eremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor

tweets: Muslim brotherhood supporters drilling at #Cairo university. Very tense here._68530481_97b35ed7-7987-4c07-9e12-d483a8954e95
Hala Jaber The Sunday Times

tweets: #Cairo many are gathered at the Republican Guard HQ where #Morsi allegedly staying. Music blaring from cars, flags waving as people wait statement

Vaseen, Cairo, Egypt

emails: Good luck to the women of Egypt. Wake up before it’s too late. Morsi is a good and humble leader. Give the guy a chance.
1650:

Egypt’s security services have placed a travel ban on President Morsi and senior Islamists – AFP.

Sharief, Las Vegas, USA

emails: All the Egyptian people want is a better economy, and the ability to live a normal life. Mr Morsi was elected because the people believed he was the one who could deliver on those aspirations. However, once elected, Mr Morsi’s first move was to consolidate power for himself and for the Brotherhood. It became clear he was pushing the Brotherhood’s agenda with their best interests in mind over the interests of the Egyptian people. That is why they are protesting. That is why there should be early elections. This IS democracy in action. The will of the people must be heeded.
1648:

“As I write these lines I am fully aware that these may be the last lines I get to post on this page,” Mr Hadded wrote on Facebook. “For the sake of Egypt and for historical accuracy, let’s call what is happening by its real name: military coup.”
1645:

Essam al-Hadded, a senior Morsi aide, says a “military coup” is taking place.
1642:

The failure of police and security forces to protect protesters and bystanders from violence is “suspicious”, Amnesty International has said. “The security forces should have been more than ready to prevent and stop the kinds of deadly clashes that we’ve seen in the past three days,” Amnesty’s Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui said. “This suspicious failure to prevent loss of life is a callous failure of their duty to protect lives and uphold human rights.”
1638:

Mr Morsi has not been placed under house arrest, a presidential spokesman told the BBC after reports to the contrary on local TV.
1628:

In Human Rights Watch’s new daily brief, they ask: “In Egypt, Morsi is defiant, but is he still in charge? Where are the police, and why is it open season for sexual assault on Tahrir Square?” The organisation has reported 91 sexual attacks on women in Tahrir Square in the past four days alone.

Jack Shenker

tweets: The big game… Ahwas in downtown Cairo with seats all turned to TV so that punters can watch #Egypt crisis unfold pic.twitter.com/tsnNdeclt2

Ashraf, Cairo, Egypt

emails: Mr Morsi was indeed elected, but he and his brotherhood have both proven to be a perfect failure. Egypt is in deep social and economic crisis. The tens of millions who took to the streets on June 30 called for an early election, nothing else – what is not democratic about that. If he is so confident of his supporters and legitimacy, he should have called for these elections and, if he wins, no-one will ever be able to utter a word! But it is too late now, especially given his threatening speech last night.
1616:

President Morsi wants to form a coalition government ahead of new parliamentary elections, and a new independent committee for constitutional amendments, according to a statement on his Facebook page. He also said he holds “political parties that boycotted previous calls for dialogue largely responsible” for the unrest.

Adam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

emails: President Morsi was elected in fair elections. If the Egyptian Armed Forces truly stage a coup it will greatly damage democracy in Egypt. Allow this president to fulfil his 4 year term, as is normal in developed democratic nations.

Protesters waving the Egyptian national flag also gathered outside the defence ministry in Cairo.
1537:

Egyptian state TV says to expect an army statement as soon as its meeting with religious, political and youth figures (but not the ruling Freedom and Justice Party) ends.

Gaza, South Africa

emails: The crisis in Egypt will get worse if the current president, Morsi steps down because of this pressure. Egypt needs at least 8 years to stabilize. He was democratically elected by Egyptians. He won because people trusted he can lead the country. Give him time to do his job.

Ade, Hinckley, UK

emails: Following the coverage on my phone as I do the school run – desperately hoping for a peaceful and speedy resolution. Also concerned about the security of Egypt’s irreplaceable historic monuments and treasures.
1535:

Cheers are echoing round Tahrir Square in Cairo where tens of thousands of demonstrators have gathered.
1532:

Has the Egyptian army’s deadline expired? Some reports say it was due to end at 15:30 BST – but we’re waiting on confirmation from the military. Correspondents say the military will broadcast statement into Tahrir Square when it comes.
1532:

The Muslim Brotherhood’s TV channel says the FJP – the ruling party – refused the military’s invitation to take part in the meeting being held now between the defence minister and different political factions and religious institutions.

Shaimaa Khalil BBC News, Cairo

tweets: At Raba’a el Adaweya Mosque – Thousands of #Morsi supporters gather and say they’re here to defend Sharia and presidential legitimacy #Egypt

Mark Lobel BBC News

tweets this photo:

This group very much in love with Morsi, amassing outside Cairo University after last night’s bloodshed here #Egypt
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The Big Pharoah

tweets: Itihadiya is empty because the throng moved to the Republican Guards HQ. Morsi believed to be there.

Azizur Rahman, Sylhet , Bangladesh

emails: He is an elected President. Why he should resign if thousands or millions of people demand? What kind of democratic movement it is? Morsi should crack down on the so called protesters with strong hand. He should prove he is the President.
1518:

Egypt’s top judicial body has confirmed the reinstatement of public prosecutor Abdel Meguid Mahmud, piling the pressure on President Morsi who sacked him in November. His replacement Talaat Abdullah said in response that he “respects all judicial decisions,” AFP reported.

Gehad el-Haddad Muslim Brotherhood spokesperson

tweets: #Sisi invited #FJP [Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice party] leadership to meet w/ #Baradei. FJP refused. Using Military might to force an individual on people of Egypt is unacceptable.

Kareem Fahim New York Times, Cairo

tweets: Soldiers close to pro Morsi rally appear ready to move: armoured vehicles idling at parking lot entrance. Soldiers w/riot shields in jeeps.

Dr Imad el-Anis Middle East expert at Notting Trent University

emails: A tipping point for the opposition to Mohammed Morsi may have come on June 15 when Morsi attended a rally held in Cairo by hard-line Islamists and Salafists calling for a holy war against the Assad regime in Syria. He openly called for foreign intervention in Syria to topple the government. The opposition and the military are equally unhappy with this level of attention on regional politics and disregard for getting Egypt itself back to business

Joel Gulhane Daily News Egypt

tweets: Lots of people arriving from Qasr el-nil bridge. Party atmosphere in the square. #tahrir #egypt

Amadou, Gambia

emails: Morsi is an elected president, why not give him chance to play his role, he’s only had one year in office, you are the very people who elected him; give him chance.

Hatem Rushdy ‏

tweets: Military just came into a cafe where friends of mine were & ordered everyone home. Let freedom ring. #Egypt. But not a coup

Sarah, Cairo, Egypt

emails: Shouldn’t the Egyptians have waited for the next presidential elections to build a viable opposition – I thought? Maybe – but many couldn’t have lived that long, what with no fuel, food or job prospects. It is 1545 local time and Morsi is due to give a speech at 1630 -let’s hope he has less to say about his ‘legitimacy’ and more to say about what being democratic really entails – consultation and compromise without the need for the army to flex its muscles and step in.
1502:

The Egyptian army’s general command is currently meeting with religious, national, political and youth leaders, according to the army’s Facebook page.
1502:
Wordcloud showing words from Mohammed Morsi’s speech

A visual analysis of Mr Morsi’s defiant speech on Tuesday shows that he used the used “legitimacy” 56 times, while talking about the constitution, elections and democracy.

Israel Dalven, Emanuel, Israel

emails: The problems of Egypt are not going to be solved by any government in 1 year. What will they gain by changing the government, and who says the Islamists will not win again after another year or two of failure of a new leader, what will the people do then?

In Tahrir Square volunteers created a space between female (left) and male (right) protesters to prevent sexual harassment. There were dozens of reported cases of abuse over the past few days.
Claire Read BBC Arabic

tweets: Confirmed: The Salafi Nour party has also met with the Defence Minister #Egypt

Sarah Elliott, Cairo, Egypt

emails: Although Tahrir Square has felt like a large festival, the party is premature. Many Egyptian friends of mine are feeling the exact opposite – depressed even at how ‘all roads lead nowhere’. According to them, military intervention is the last thing they want…
Armed soldiers are seen here on their vehicle as they protect a bridge between Tahrir Square and Cairo University.

Alaa Bayoumi

tweets: #Egypt state TV: governor of #Giza resigns after last night’s deadly attacks

Richard Hass Head of the US Council on Foreign Relations

Tweets: Political intervention by army in #egypt would not be same as coup if aim is to restore order in short run and democracy soon thereafter.
1443:

Egyptian Islamist party Gamaa Islamiya have called for “wise political moves” to stop the situation deteriorating further. In a new statement, they said they are working to bring views of the presidency and the military closer together. Earlier one of their leaders called for early elections despite the group being seen as close to the president and the Muslim Brotherhood.

Max Strasser

tweets: Tahrir full of patriotic songs. Chants of “Don’t be scared, he is leaving!”

Bel Trew

tweets: Music on main stage at pro #Morsi sit-in says ‘raise your head up high, you’re egyptian, we’re one hand” it’s impossibly hot #egypt

Marwa, Cairo, Egypt

emails: The Muslim Brotherhood is using Islam for its own mean goals. The Egyptian demonstrations on June 30 are the real evidence that Egyptians’ wills are against this terrorist regime. We are not asking him to step-down, we are just asking him for early elections.

Diaa Hadid

tweets: Considering the flexible interpretation of deadlines in #Egypt, I’m optimistic there’s more time for #Morsi & opposition to reach agreement
Breaking News

Military officers are present in Egypt’s state TV newsroom, monitoring content before the ultimatum deadline, according to Associated Press.

Lori Ann, Toronto, Canada

emails: I lived in Cairo during the Arab Spring. The fate of Egypt lies again with the military. Here’s hoping for a peaceful end with no blood shed. There has been too much hardship, injustice and poverty for the people of Egypt. They need hope, and they need stability.

Bel Trew, Cairo

Tweets: Spotted: some Al-Azhar sheikhs at the pro- #morsi sit-in. I appear to be the only woman, maybe there’s a women’s section.

Mohamed Boraie, Cairo, Egypt

emails: I want the army to step in now to stop the violence. Once Morsi has gone, we can start a proper democratic process. Democracy is new to Egypt so we must take small steps.

These Morsi supporters prayed during a rally in a Cairo mosque square as the deadline neared.
Aleem Maqbool, BBC News, Cairo

tweets: Staff at Egypt state TV building say an army officer went round this morning telling non-essential staff to leave.

Mohamed Mansour, Cairo, Egypt

emails: Despite the emotional and threatening speech conducted last night by Mr. Morsi the problems for us Egyptians remain unchanged!! Mr. Morsi miserably failed and has let down the Egyptian people on numerous occasions and in almost every challenge he faced he failed.
1407:

That army comment in full: “The General Command of the Armed Forces reaffirms that it did not announce any particular time to issue statements or speeches. This will be announced in due time.”
1405:

Don’t expect an army statement right away when the ultimatum expires – that is the message coming out of the military now.

Kate, US student in Cairo

emails: Today we were sent home early from Arabic class to give people enough time to get home before the ultimatum is up, but I am hopeful for a peaceful resolution.
1353:

That quote from Mr Morsi’s spokesman in full (via Reuters): “It is better for a president, who would otherwise be returning Egypt to the days of dictatorship, from which God and the will of the people has saved us, to die standing like a tree, rather than be condemned by history and future generations for throwing away the hopes of Egyptians for establishing a democratic life.”

Shaimaa Khalil BBC News, Cairo

tweets: Ironic, 2 yrs after #Jan25 revolution, matters still rest with army in #Egypt. Whether they’re at the forefront of politics or in the barracks

Shaimaa Khalil BBC News, Cairo

tweets: Everyone in #Egypt holding their breath these 2 hrs when deadline for pres #Morsi ends — Army in meetings, both sides ready for the streets
1340:

The Muslim Brotherhood has turned down an invitation to meet Gen Sisi – Reuters.

The photo shows anti-government protesters on Tahrir Square. Tens of thousands are expected to gather again both there and outside two presidential palaces.
1335:

Reports say the army has taken control of the state television building ahead of its expected statement.
1332:

If you have just joined us, welcome to our live coverage of Egypt. The clock is ticking down to the end of a 48-hour army ultimatum for a resolution to the political crisis, with no sign of an agreement in sight.
1328:

It would be better for President Morsi to die in defence of democracy than be blamed by history, his spokesman says (Reuters).
1325: Quentin Sommerville BBC News, Cairo

The army has already hinted that if President Morsi doesn’t co-operate they will suspend the constitution, install a mainly civilian transitional leadership, and schedule early presidential elections. They’ve given no indication as to what might happen to Mr Morsi if he refuses to co-operate.

Joseph Bikanda, Kampala, Uganda

emails: Unfortunately President Morsi in his speech has made the situation worst by stating that he won’t stand down! I don’t see how it is possible any agreement with the opposition can be reached now.

Shaimaa Khalil BBC News, Cairo

tweets: As the deadline for #morsi looms closer all eyes now are on the army and how they’ll respond to #Morsi speech and the political standoff

1314:

Senior Sunni Muslim and Christian clerics are reportedly meeting Gen Sisi along with opposition politician Mohamed ElBaradei.

Ashraf Allam in New York

emails: The problem with the “legitimacy” argument is that if the people of Egypt wait three years to vote Morsi out, there will be nothing left of the modern Egyptian state. He has been governing by dictate, with no check on his power. The opposition, which did win 49% of the vote, has zero representation on the rubber-stamp council. You can’t apply the logic of an established democracy with real institutions to the farce that has taken place in Egypt over the past year.

Kristen McTighe

tweets: #Tahrir Square now. Filling up as it gets closer to the military deadline. Chants against Morsi. #Egypt pic.twitter.com/QvK48LgXIl
1312:

The military is calling on all political factions to attend a meeting to discuss their “roadmap”, the Ahram news website reports.
1303:

Former Brigadier General Ayman Salama, who teaches at Cairo’s military academy, has told BBC World Service’s World Update programme that the army is “protecting the whole nation from falling down into a dark and unprecedented tunnel”. But surely Mr Morsi is the country’s elected president? “The cries, the shouting of the people demonstrating downtown, the millions of people, is above any institution, any voting boxes,” he argues.

Shaimaa Khalil BBC News, Cairo

tweets: Just passed by a bridge i know well in Zamalek #Cairo– new grafitti saying “Blood for blood” — in #Egypt now it’s no longer a numbers game

In this photo, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood shows a spent bullet found at the scene of Tuesday’s fighting at Cairo University. Party members have accused the security forces of failing to protect them at rallies, or even colluding in attacks.

Egypt Independent

tweets: Egypt Central Bank orders closures before army ultimatum

Mohamed Badr, Cairo, Egypt

emails: I Signed the Rebel Petition together with the 22 million Egyptians who found that their Country is divided under the Islamic Rule of the Muslim Brotherhood. Morsi Talks about Legitimacy but he is by passing the legitimacy of the 30 Million Egyptians who marched in the streets all over Egypt on the 30th of June, requesting him to step down and call for early presidential elections.
Iyad El-Baghdadi

tweets: Pro-MB fan pages suggesting that some army officers/soldiers will not comply if given orders to attack. I wonder. #Egypt

rejean gauthier

tweets: could #egypt have a referendum of morsi legitimacy and the constitution?this would let people have a say ,this would be democracy ,no war?
1147:

What is happening in Egypt will shape the new Middle East that is emerging in the wake of the Arab uprisings, the BBC’s Jeremy Bowen wrote this week. You can read his analysis in our special report.
1146:

Graycian Chitekwe write on the BBC News Facebook page: What’s up Egypt? First you said no to Hosni and voted this one in, now after a short time this Morsi is bad again. If the military takes over they’ll be bad tomorrow. Which one do you want now??
1145:

For an overview at the Egypt situation you can look at our special report, which includes analysis, key events of the revolution, and what President Morsi’s year in power has achieved.
1142:

A message posted on the Egyptian leader’s official Twitter account earlier neatly sums up his position: “President Morsi insists on [his] constitutional legitimacy and rejects any attempt to overstep it. [He] calls on the armed forces to withdraw their warning and rejects any dictates, domestic or foreign.”
1139:

The army will publish a statement after its ultimatum expires (just under three hours from now), AFP reports.

H.A. Hellyer Brookings

tweets: Journalist in Egypt with American network: “It’s hard getting a response from the presidency. All my sources, umm, resigned.” #TrueStory
1136:

The UK’s Guardian newspaper reports that Gen Sisi rejected concessions offered by President Morsi when the two men met on Tuesday. Mr Morsi had reportedly suggested forming a government that would include all parties, and hinted he would agree to a referendum on his presidency.

The day’s newspapers have front-page coverage of events overnight.
1128:

The crowd around the opposition camp on Tahrir Square has grown noticeably.

Anthony Clark, Croydon UK

emails: Both sides claim to support democracy – one saying they want it now and that their president isn’t providing it, the other saying there was an election and we like the outcome… A nasty situation that’s about to get worse.
1122:

Just a reminder, Mr ElBaradei is a key member of the opposition National Salvation Front coalition. He is also a respected figure internationally as the UN’s former top nuclear inspector. And Gen Sisi is head of the army.

Ekram Ibrahim

tweets: This is a survival battle between the Islamists and the old rulers of the country (military +old regime). Don’t hand it in to either parities.

tamarrod

, the grassroots movement behind the recent mass protests against the president, tweets: #tamarrod Roadmap for transitional period after Morsi, in English http://t.co/FcU4apP0Pc

George Wafiq, Alexandria, Egypt

emails: I’m a 16 year old kid who has seen the great change that had taken place in his family’s economic life after the revolution. I was against the president Morsi and still am. President Morsi has made lots of promises but he accomplished none of them. That’s why I went to the protests this week. They thought that we couldn’t do it again, but governments MUST be afraid from their people, not the opposite.

Quentin Sommerville BBC News, Cairo

tweets: Here’s the countdown clock to army deadline http://morsitimer.com #egypt though I suspect most people here are well aware of clock ticking
1116:

Mohamed ElBaradei is now meeting General Sisi, opposition sources have told Reuters.
1115:

In the UK Parliament, Prime Minister David Cameron has told politicians that he supports proper democratic processes and government by consent in Egypt. He was asked by opposition leader Ed Miliband what was being done to “encourage the Egyptian government” to secure a “negotiated solution”. Clear messages have been sent, said the PM.
1112:

Some details have leaked out about the ongoing military crisis talks. According to AFP’s defence source, those present, General Sisi included, took this oath: “We swear to God that we will sacrifice our blood for Egypt and its people against all terrorists, extremists and the ignorant.”

Patrick Kingsley The Guardian

tweets: I’m told the troops near the pro-Morsi rally have been there for a few days. Then again, so has the rally.

David Swingler, London, UK

emails: Mursi is ignoring the will of the people and inciting his supporters to back him by taking to the streets. His whole time in power has been full of lies and deception, working only for his party and not the people. I fear further bloodshed before this is resolved.
1107:

Their name means “rebel” and their activists are a familiar sight on Egypt’s streets, often blocking traffic to hand out petitions, but how important are Tamarod? Read our profile of the movement that claims to have gathered 22 million signatures on a petition for President Morsi’s resignation.
1103:

One of the street opposition leaders has accused Mr Morsi of “threatening his own people” in his speech last night. “We don’t consider him the president of Egypt,” Mohammed Abdelaziz of the Tamarod movement told an Egyptian TV channel, as quoted by AFP news agency.
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Tahrir Square in Cairo, the scene of many protests, is again full of protesters.

Ben Wedeman, CNN Reporter

tweets: Was unrealistic to expect Morsi’s resignation. An olive branch, however, was missing. The unraveling accelerates. #Egypt #30June
1057:

To help explain what is happening in Egypt, we’ve prepared a Q&A. It explains why there is a crisis, who the protesters are and where Egypt might be heading.

Sara Hussein

tweets: #tamarrod calls on people of #Egypt to go into every street and square to protest #Morsi #June30

Don Kennedy, Florida, USA

emails: Mr. Morsi does not believe in democracy or he would accept the fact that the greater majority of Egyptians have recalled him from his office. The people have spoken. They want him out of the Presidency of Egypt. His legitimacy is over.
1051:

It’s worth remembering that Mr Morsi’s victory last year was legitimate, though he won by a small margin. He took 51.7% of the vote compared with 48.3% for his rival, former Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq. The election was considered free and fair.

Soraya Bahgat, Cairo, Egypt

‏tweets: Getting a bit of rest before camping out at #Tahrir or #Itihadeya today from before 4pm. Today’s the day! #Egypt

Rob Dunning, Hurghada, Egypt

emails: I’m currently in Hurghada. There has been 3-evenings of locals driving through the streets beeping car horns celebrating the demise of the president. But in the day time there is a sombre face of ‘nothing has yet changed’ amongst the locals.

Sebastian, London, UK

emails: There is more to democracy than a simple vote… By purging the constitutional committee of the opposition, by choosing to take over state institutions for his own dictatorship rather than implementing democratic reforms and by putting opposition leaders and government critics in prison for the crime of ‘insulting the President’, Morsi is the one who rejected democracy, not the now far more numerous protestors.
1024: Breaking News

Top military leaders have begun talks, defence sources say.

Jan, Alexandria, Egypt

emails: The situation here in Alexandria has sadly gone from peaceful with scenes of jubilation, to one of fear amid pockets of sporadic violence. I am British living here in Alexandria and don’t feel unsafe on the streets, the fear is more than the reality, but I have a feeling that the fears will be realised once the deadline of the army has passed.

Egyptian-American journalist Reem Abdellatif

tweets: Military helicopters flooding the skies today in #Cairo. Mr. #Morsi only has a few hours left before they take action as promised. #Egypt

Patrick Kingsley The Guardian

tweets: A whole car park near the Nasr City pro-Morsi rally in east Cairo is filled with troops. #egypt
1017:

The Dostour Party of key opposition figure Mohamed ElBaradei has urged the army to step in to stop the bloodshed. Mr Morsi “has lost his mind” and “incited violence”, it said. Dostour is one of the parties which make up the opposition National Salvation Front coalition. Read BBC Monitoring’s profile of the Front.

Heba Latif, Cairo, Egypt

emails: The only reason Morsi won elections is that people refused to vote in the old regime- but actually Morsi’s support is now limited to the Muslim Brotherhood and their supporters, he has antagonized everyone and is trying to take over all Egypt’s institutions from top to bottom and is hell bent on dismantling the modern Egyptian state.

Sandmonkey

tweets: Analysis: #Morsi is simply raising the price of his departure with his speech. This is the only card he has left to play… #Morsi will not have his ouster to be through a peaceful revolution. He wants it to be messy & for people to see it as a coup.
1006:

Mr Haddad went on to say that the Muslim Brotherhood would accept new elections. “If the protests on the street prove anything they prove the people of Egypt are ready to have their say,” he told Reuters. “They can sweep the parliamentary election, impeach the president, change the constitution and set the roadmap that they want, but it has to be the right of the people.”
1004:

What does the military have to offer? It has leaked details of a “roadmap” which envisages new presidential elections, the suspension of the new constitution and the dissolution of parliament. But a spokesman for Mr Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood party, Gehad el-Haddad, told Reuters: “We don’t think the military has any right to offer a roadmap. A roadmap is something that the constitution outlines and the president directs. It’s not the role of the military.”

Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor

tweets: Ugly violence again at #cairo university. Van carrying suspected MB supporters stopped, people inside beaten and chased away.

BBC News Website reader, Cairo, Egypt

emails: We have been going down to Tahrir to protest for the last few days, against a president who does not acknowledge his own people. Morsi has blatantly turned a blind eye to over half the Egyptian population opting only to address and listen to his supporters all of whom are Islamists.

Samer Shehata University of Oklahoma

writes in the New York Times: “Egypt has a dilemma: its politics are dominated by democrats who are not liberals and liberals who are not democrats. The Muslim Brotherhood, Mr Morsi’s Islamist movement, accepts – indeed excels at – electoral competition… Many in the opposition, on the other hand, believe fiercely in minority rights, personal freedoms, civil liberties and electoral coalition-building – as long as the elections keep Islamists out of power.”
1001: Rana Jawad BBC News

has looked at the Egyptian press, where some of the headlines in the morning papers reflect the overwhelming mood. Some have bold headlines like “The Collapse of the Brotherhood” and “The Return of Egypt in a few hours”. Others are wondering what will happen next: “Army Deadline Ticking Down as Hopes Dim for Way Out”, the Egyptian Gazette writes.
0958:

One disturbing aspect of the huge protests seen in Egypt’s cities is the number of reported attacks on women caught up in the crowds. At least 91 women were victims of “rampant” sex attacks on Tahrir Square in the past four days alone, the New York-based organisation Human Rights Watch says. “Mobs sexually assaulted and in some cases raped at least 91 women… amid a climate of impunity,” its statement says.

Dr. Ahmed Abdelal, Mansfield, USA

emails: I am an Egyptian American who supported Morsi. I do understand that Morsi was never given a proper chance to govern, due to military control during the beginning of his rule, and then the works of the supporters of the previous regime. However, I have been getting more and more disappointed and frustrated by Morsi’s lack of decisiveness and specificity. The speeches he gives are more like Friday Prayer sermons, than political speeches.

Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor

tweets: At #Cairo university, where deadly clashes last night. Burnt out cars in road, rubble, and tense atmosphere. Big and uncertain day ahead

arabist

tweets: If Dawa Salafiya and Gamaa Islamiya are both calling for Morsi to step down, then it’s moving away from Islamist vs. secular
_68518226_018531100-1
Many Morsi opponents have been pinning their hopes on the head of the military, General Abdul Fattah al-Sisi. He is said to be a devout Muslim whose wife wears the full-face veil. At the same time, he is believed to enjoy “strong ties with US officials on both diplomatic and military levels”. Read BBC Monitoring’s profile of the general.

Emad Shenouda, Cairo, Egypt

emails: I was protesting at Qubba palace, and it was a peaceful joyful protest. It is not any more about Morsi as a bad president, we are protesting against the Muslim Brotherhood, who want to change the core of the Egyptian identity once and for all.
0941:

Mr Morsi said to the army: “Don’t you ever take the side of the supporters or opponents, because this is an insult to the army.”
0940:

In his latest speech, President Morsi urged the army not to get involved in politics. Egypt’s military was the people’s military, he argued. “We all built our army with our blood, sweat and resources.”
0936:

As tension increases, the British Foreign Office has revised its travel advice for Egypt. It says Britons should avoid all but essential travel in areas except Red Sea resorts in South Sinai and resorts on the Egyptian mainland in the Red Sea governorate.

Scott, Bradford, UK

emails: The Egyptian people just want to live and have enough to feed their families. They don’t want to be told how to be “good Muslims” by the government. The popular view from the people I spoke to in Egypt is that the new president should be focusing on the economy and not on religion and not helping fellow Islamic countries before sorting out the problems at home.
0932:

The area around Cairo’s main presidential palace, Ittihadiya, has been calm this morning, according to the state-run news agency Mena. However, protesters put up more tents in the area around the palace overnight. It seems protesters have also been helping the street cleaners clean up after Tuesday’s big demonstrations.
0921:

An Islamist TV station, Al-Nas, reports that the death toll from last night’s violence at Cairo University has risen to 18 with 367 people injured. People were killed when unknown gunmen opened fire on a crowd of Morsi supporters.

Nihal Nashed, Cairo, Egypt

emails: I’ve been protesting since June 30th and Morsi and his people are a disgrace to Egypt’s history. His speech last night was simply an open invitation to his people to go fight for his legitimacy.
0916:

A hardline group allied to Mr Morsi, Gamaa Islamiya, wants him to call an early presidential election to avoid bloodshed and the possibility of a military coup, a senior member, Tarek al-Zumar, has told Reuters news agency. “This peaceful, constitutional transfer [of power] will spare blood,” he said, adding that it would also protect the constitution enacted in December.
0913:

It is 11:13 in Cairo (10:13 BST, 09:13 GMT) and the forecast is for 36C. Crowds have been growing, flags are waving, on Tahrir Square – the focus of the uprising which brought down Mr Morsi’s predecessor, Hosni Mubarak, in 2011.
0905:

Hello and welcome to our live coverage of the dramatic events in Egypt. President Mohammed Morsi was democratically elected just over a year ago, but he is now facing a huge challenge to his authority. Will he give in to the protesters massed in the streets and resign? Will the military really step back into politics in Egypt? Follow us for updates as they happen, expert analysis and colour from BBC correspondents, and comment from you, our readers, of course.

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