Romania has 21.5 million inhabitants and the United Nations Organization expects the world’s population to hit seven billion this year, according to data released Friday by Romania’s National Institutive for Statistics(census is carried out now).
The U.N. proclaimed the year 1974 the “International Population Year” and July 11 is celebrated as World Population Day.
It is estimated that the world’s population reached one billion around the year 1800, to reach two billion in 1927, four billion in 1974 and exceed six billion 13 years later, in 1999. The U.N. estimates the Earth’s population will reach about seven billion this year.
On January 1, 2010, Romania’s population stood at 21.462 million, of which 48.7 men and 51.3% women, according to the Statistics Institute.
Romania ranks seventh in the European Union by population numbers, following Germany, France, the UK, Italy, Spain and Poland.
The country’s young population (0-14 years) accounted for 15.2% of the total, the adult population accounted for 69.9% and the elderly (65 years and more) accounted for 14.9%.
Earth’s population will surpass Monday the historic threshold of 7 billion people, according to UN estimates, which took advantage of this opportunity to highlight the growing inequality on the planet and the need for a judicious division of wealth in order to solve this problem.
Threshold of 6 billion people was reached in 1999. Especially when the UN Nevic Adnan, a baby born in Sarajevo, as the number 6,000,000,000 inhabitants on our planet. This time, the UN has avoided to designate a “winner” in advance, and several countries are especially happy to announce the birth of their territories.
United Nations Population Fund rganizaţia (UNFPA), which published the latest report Friday it believes that Earth’s population will continue to increase to reach 9.3 billion people in 2050 and over 10 billion people by end of this century.According to the UN, by 2025, India will become the country with the largest population in the world, ahead of China, reaching the threshold that year of 1.5 billion people.In that report, the experts warn of challenges facing humanity. For the poorest countries, governments will face difficulty to provide jobs “army” of young people will become active on the labor market, without taking into account global warming, drought and uncontrolled development of Mega-cities.
UNFPA noted that the number of people living on less than 1.25 dollars a day declined, going from 1.8 billion in 2005 1990-1400000000. The percentage of people suffering from hunger has fallen since 1990, but in absolute terms, their number increased from 815 million in 1990 to 925 million in 2011.
Social inequalities continue to grow. In 1960, wealthy men represented 20% of the total world population holds 70% of total revenues. In 2005, they had 77% of global wealth.
According to UN Secretary-General of the baby with the number 7,000,000,000, regardless of his native country, “is born into a world of contradictions: an abundance of food, but still today, one billion people go at night to bed with hunger in the stomach, “said Ban Ki-moon in an interview with Time magazine.
Instead, U.S. census Bureau estimates that the historic threshold of 7 billion people will be reached only on 12 March 2012.
(Source : Mediafax.ro )