Top 10 women of the twentieth century

1. Marie Curie (scientist)
Biography of Marie Curie Polish word inspire in all the power. Together with her ​​husband Pierre, discovered radium and polonium. It is the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, and the only person who receives two Nobel Prizes in two different fields, chemistry and physics. Marie Curie is the first woman professor at Sorbonne University and the one who coined the term radioactivity.

After he graduated from the Sorbonne University, Curie was unable to find work in Poland. In 1895 Pierre married and so was born one of the most fruitful scientific collaborations. They worked together in the field of radioactivity. Her husband died in a tragic carriage accident, she continued to work on their research.

After winning two Nobel prizes has been recognized worldwide as one of the most influential scientists. Because the environment in which he worked, Curie died in 1934. Her daughter, Irene, continued to work in the field of radioactivity, and she received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (also with her husband) in 1935.

2. Margaret Sanger (activist for reproductive control)
Margaret Sanger, born in the United States, was a nurse who changed women’s lives significantly. She tried to give women the right of reproduction for the first time. As a nurse, Sanger had seen the disastrous effects can have abortions and deaths during childbirth.

She wrote a list of “what every girl should know”, and then publish in a journal all these tips. American society has not seen good advice they considered obscene, so she fled to Europe. There, along with Mary Stopes, began a campaign pro-contraception.

Eventually she was heard on both sides of the Atlantic and has established family planning clinics.

3. Indira Gandhi (politician)
Indira Gandhi led the world’s most populous democracy, India, for 15 years. She was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India and became a Gandhi after marriage with Feroz Gandhi. He was first Prime Minister of Communications and then, being the second woman in the world to this function. The first major crisis faced by India-Pakistan war was, that gave birth to millions of refugees. After the war, won by India, Bangladesh State was formed, instead of East Pakistan.

Indira Gandhi helped India modernizaea, especially in agriculture, because the famine was a constant threat.

But not all her political career was a triumph because it was removed from office because of accusations of corruption. She returned to the head of the Government in 1979 and in 1984 was assassinated by her own bodyguard.

4. Rosa Parks (human rights activist)
One night in December 1955, in Alabama, a black seamstress trying to get home after a long day of work. When whites have climbed on the bus, she was asked to rise from a chair that sat in the bus to go where people stayed the same race with it. Because he refused, police arrested her. Later, Rosa Parks story was so tired that he simply did not want to stand on that chair.

She used this incident in the struggle for civil rights of people of color. Was organized in Parks’s trial on a boycott of public transport system. Rosa Parks became a symbol of struggle for human rights and received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996.

5. Rachel Carson (ecologist)
Rachel Carson is a promoter of ecology, the author of famous books in this field, “Silent Spring”. The work shows the adverse effects of uncontrolled use of pesticides. This has made many studies on the food chain and effects of environmental pollution on food. She fought to stop using a common insecticide called DDT. This created some controversy because many experts have accused her of lack of DDT has spread malaria.

She saved several species of endangered birds. Carson brought to the forefront of discussions and polemics about environmental issues.

6. Emmeline Pankhurst (the women’s movement activist)
What a shame that no boy was born. “- These were the words Emmeline’s father (born in 1858 in Britain) when he was young. For small, saying that she will be treated differently from her brothers.

This married Richard Pankhurst, a lawyer who argued for freedom of expression, education reform and voting rights of women. They fought together for these rights, but after her husband’s death in 1897, Emmeline was focused on women’s rights. He founded together with other women “Women’s Social and Political Union”, an association that advocated radical women’s right to vote and has organized several demonstrations to force politicians to take action. In 1918, the franchise has been approved for women aged over 30 years.

7. Simone de Beauvoir (philosopher)
Simone de Beauvoir is not only known for her famous love story with Jean-Paul Sartre, but also for their existential philosophy and feminist moral.

Its type are easier to read than those of Sartre. It argues the need to release women and that we are fully responsible for our actions. Therefore, we must have an ethical behavior from our peers. In his essays, Simon puts his readers to reflect on how they live their lives.

8. Dorothy Hodgkin (scientist)
Dorothy Hodgkin is a name well known outside science. She pioneered the first X-ray diffraction studies for pepsin, a protein crystal. Hodgin analyzed the structure of insulin and penicillin.

She received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1964 for discovering the structure of important biochemical substances using X-rays in all his research have revolutionized molecular chemistry.

9. Ayn Rand (author)
Born in Russia in 1905, saw the Soviet Revolution, Ayn Rand has developed a very strong feeling of hatred for communism or any other form of regime that denies human rights. In 1926, it has been established in the United States.

She is the founder current “objectivity” in literature. This trend is based on a scientific world view, an objective view of reality and the individual’s right to govern itself.

This is the author of numerous novels, including We the Living, Anthem, The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged.

10. Eleanor Roosevelt (reformist)
Though born to wealth, granddaughter of Teddy Roosevelt, Eleanor, could live a peaceful life. However, she chose to get involved in politics and to support her husband, Franklin Roosevelt. Although by then First Lady did not have a very important role in political life, Eleanor chose to talk about American social issues and have solved its own agenda.

She served on the UN Commission on Human Rights after her husband’s death. This was a successful reformer, whose work is often cited.

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